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Effectiveness of Bibliotherapy


Bibliotherapy is self-help based on reading or viewing videos. The research on this page consists of studies comparing the effectiveness of reading a book versus seeing a therapist for dealing with anxiety and depression. The results of these studies indicate that bibliotherapy can be as effective as seeing a therapist for many problems.

Apodaca, T. & Miller, W. (2003). A meta‐analysis of the effectiveness of  bibliotherapy for alcohol problems. J Clin Psychol. 59: 289–304.

Bilich, L., Deane,F., Phipps, A., Barisic, M. & Gould, G. (2008). Effectiveness of bibliotherapy self‐help for depression with varying levels of telephone helpline support. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 15(2), 61-74.

Evans, K. (1999). Manual-assisted cognitive-behaviour therapy (MACT): a randomized controlled trial of   a brief intervention with bibliotherapy in the treatment of recurrent deliberate self-harm. Psychol Med. 29:19-25.

Floyd, M., Scogin, F., McKendree-Smith, N. Floyd, D. & Rokke, P. (2004).Bibliotherapy for depressed older adults. Behavior Modification, 28(2), 297-318.

Frieswijk N, Steverink N, Buunk B, & Slaets J. (2006). The effectiveness of a bibliotherapy in increasing the self-management ability of slightly to moderately frail older people. Patient Educ Couns. 61(2):219-227.

Jamison, C. & Scogin, F. (1995). The outcome of cognitive bibliotherapy

with depressed adults. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,

63(4), 644-650.

Joling, K. (2011). How effective is bibliotherapy for very old adults with

subthreshold depression? A randomized controlled trial. Am J Geriatr


Kirupa, P., Preetham, R. & Srinivasa, B. (2015). A pilot trial: Effectiveness of bibliotherapy on quality of life, psychological distress and depression among patients with chronic leg and foot ulcers in Mangalore. Nitte University Journal of Health Science. 5(1).

Lidren, Donna M.,Watkins, Patti Lou,Gould, Robert A.,Clum, George A.,Asterino, M. & Tulloch, H. (1994). A comparison of bibliotherapy and group therapy in the treatment of panic disorder. Journal of      

Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62(4),865-869.

 Marrs, R. (1995).  A meta-analysis of bibliotherapy studies. Am J

 Community Psychology. 23: 843-870.

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